This is just wrong on several levels. Type 2 diabetes is caused by something called "insulin resistance". When we eat any carb, it ends up in our bloodstream as "blood sugar" or glucose. The body senses the rise in the level of glucose and causes the pancreas to release insulin. Insulin then assist the cells to absorb the glucose out of the blood into the cells for use as an energy source.
With Type 2 diabetes, what (usually) happens is that we eat too much sugar (or carbs, which are broken down into sugar) TOO QUICKLY. When that happens, too much sugar enters the bloodstream, forcing the pancreas to release a LOT of insulin. At some point the cells become "insulin resistant" meaning that the insulin doesn't work "as well" any more. So the pancreas has to interject even MORE insulin , causing even more insulin resistance etc.
There are additional things going on, including fat cells giving off chemicals which trick the brain and so forth but for this discussion we are going to concentrate just on the glucose / insulin cycle.
What is important here (for this discussion) is that simple carbs (sugars) enter the bloodstream extremely quickly. The more sugar eaten, the more sugar in the bloodstream, the more insulin released. At some point the pancreas "wears out" and can no longer create enough insulin to deal with the high sugar levels and the diabetic has to start injecting additional insulin.
NOTE that this is NOT a good answer. The cells themselves are insulin resistant, and high levels of insulin CAUSE insulin resistance, so simply injecting more insulin into the body is only going to make the insulin resistance worse.
The right answer is to not consume sugars or simple carbs. I am sure that anyone with diabetes has run into "glycemic index". That is simply a measure of the difficulty of extracting the carbs from the surrounding foods. Pretty much all plant material has some carbs, but some require no work at all to extract (think sugar / honey / grape juice). Those are called "high glycemic index" carbs. Some carbs are very difficult to extract, think crunchy green vegetables. They have a lot of fiber and the carbs are embedded in those fibers and are hard to get out. That is called "low glycemic index".
So it is perfectly OK to eat low glycemic index foods. The reason is simple (and twofold). First there is so much fiber in most of these foods that you fill up before consuming very much actual carbs. The second reason is that what carbs are in there take a LOOOONG time to get pulled out of the fiber and passed into the blood stream. So yes, it does eventually happen, but instead of spiking the blood sugar within 20 minutes, it is absorbed over a period of hours, does NOT spike the blood sugar, and only a small amount of insulin is required to handle the small amounts of glucose in the blood.
So if you eat a donut (or two or three) the sugar is in your blood within 1/2 hour, literally. AND the levels of sugar in the blood will rise to 200, 300 or more. EVERY part of that donut is easily digestible, the sugar itself as well as the flour. ALL of those carbs are in your bloodstream within 30 minutes.
Eat an entire two cups of asparagus and the total sugars will only hit perhaps 140, and then only over a many hour period. MASSIVE DIFFERENCE.
BTW we all look at carbs as a number. I looked up a dunkin donuts glazed donut and total carbs is 22 grams, sugars is 12 grams. But all 22 grams of that donut is in your bloodstream within 20 minutes, causing a MASSIVE spike in your blood glucose.
I looked up asparagus and one spear is .6 grams of carbs, in other words you could eat
36 spears of asparagus and get exactly the same carbs out of it. However it would take MANY HOURS for those carbs to get into the blood stream.
The problem with this article is that it treats all carbs as equal, which THEY ARE NOT!!! Sugar is poison, precisely because it is different from other low glycemic index carbs. Precisely because it IMMEDIATELY spikes your blood sugar, causing massive spikes in insulin, causing your cells to become insulin resistant.
I know that you want sweets, you CRAVE sweets (that is another issue) but sweets based on sugar are POISON to your body. Only you can take control and stop consuming the poison. These dietitians telling you that sugar is OK doesn't make it true. ALL HIGH GLYCEMIC CARBS ARE POISON TO YOUR BODY!
Watch this DOCTOR explain it to you:
- 1/22/2015 10:40:18 AM