You can take steps to reduce your risk of developing end-stage renal disease:
If you have diabetes, control your blood sugar.
Closely monitor and aggressively treat high blood pressure. High blood pressure further damages the kidneys in people with kidney disease.
If you have kidney disease, avoid over the counter arthritis medicines. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can cause kidney damage.
A low-protein diet may slow the progression of existing kidney disease.
Quitting smoking and lowering cholesterol levels may also help.