Options for heading off an attack of influenza have increased in recent years.
Vaccination is particularly recommended for:
For maximum effectiveness, doctors advise getting vaccinated at the start of flu season. This generally means October or November.
Other ways to protect yourself from getting the flu:
People at the highest risk for flu should still receive the injected vaccine. This includes people older than 49 and those with chronic health conditions.
Practicing good hygiene can help you to avoid getting the flu or spreading it to others. Good hygiene includes covering your mouth when you cough and washing your hands frequently.
Zanamivir is given by inhalation from a nebulizer. It is approved for prevention in people ages 5 and older and for treatment in people ages 7 and older.
Oseltamivir is available in tablet form. It is approved for prevention and treatment in patients older than one year.
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