Health A-Z

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The outlook is best if the condition is recognized and corrected before 2 years of age.

Orchiopexy may reduce the risk of infertility because normal sperm production requires the cooler temperature found in the scrotum. After treatment, 50% to 65% of males with 2 undescended testicles are fertile, and 85% with a single undescended testicle are fertile.

Although orchiopexy does not reduce the risk of testicular cancer, it does increase the likelihood of early detection.

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From Health A-Z, Harvard Health Publications. Copyright 2007 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved. Written permission is required to reproduce, in any manner, in whole or in part, the material contained herein. To make a reprint request, contact Harvard Health Publications. Used with permission of StayWell.

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