The first step in diagnosis is usually a physical examination and medical history. Your doctor will check for signs of disease. He or she will ask about your health habits and past illnesses and treatments.
To determine whether you have ALL, your doctor will also need to examine your blood and bone marrow, and possibly other cells and tissues. The following tests and procedures may be used:
These and other lab tests will help your doctor determine your subtype of ALL and your prognosis.
Once you have been diagnosed with ALL, you may need several additional tests and procedures. These will help determine whether the cancer has spread beyond the blood and bone marrow. The results will also help to plan a course of treatment. These additional tests are likely to include:
If you are diagnosed with leukemia, you may be referred to a hematologist/oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating cancers and blood diseases.
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