There is no known way to prevent AML.
However, several factors can increase a person's risk of developing adult AML. These include:
Exposure to certain industrial chemicals such as benzene
Previous cancer treatment, including for childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia
Exposure to high-dose radiation (such as a nuclear reactor accident)
A history of some blood disorders, including myelodysplastic syndromes
Some genetic disorders such as Down syndrome and Fanconi anemia
Most people with AML do not have a known risk factor.