Health A-Z

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There is no known way to prevent AML.

However, several factors can increase a person's risk of developing adult AML. These include:

  • Exposure to certain industrial chemicals such as benzene

  • Previous cancer treatment, including for childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia

  • Exposure to high-dose radiation (such as a nuclear reactor accident)

  • A history of some blood disorders, including myelodysplastic syndromes

  • Some genetic disorders such as Down syndrome and Fanconi anemia

  • Smoking

Most people with AML do not have a known risk factor.

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