The outlook for adult AML depends on many factors including:
Subtype of AML
Presence and type of changes to the genetic material
Levels of white blood cells
Whether the cancer has spread to the central nervous system
Whether the person has had a blood disorder such as myelodysplatic syndromes
Whether the illness is related to previous treatment for another cancer
Whether the AML has been treated before and come back.
Children with acute leukemia generally have a better prognosis than adults. Remission is very likely. However, the leukemia and the multiple drugs needed for treatment can effect growth, hormonal development and learning capabilities.