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Health A-Z

Medical Content Created by the Faculty of the
Harvard Medical School

Prognosis

The outlook for childhood ALL depends on

  • the child's age

  • the child's white blood cell count at diagnosis

  • the disease's response to the initial treatment

  • the child's gender and race

  • whether the disease began from B lymphocytes or T lymphocytes

  • the presence of specific genetic changes

  • whether the cancer has spread to the brain and/or spinal cord

  • whether the child has Down syndrome.

Survival rates for children with ALL have risen over time, thanks to advances in treatment. More than 80% of children with ALL live at least five years.

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From Health A-Z, Harvard Health Publications. Copyright 2007 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved. Written permission is required to reproduce, in any manner, in whole or in part, the material contained herein. To make a reprint request, contact Harvard Health Publications. Used with permission of StayWell.

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