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How to Treat Diabetes-Related Hypoglycemia

Recognizing and Treating the Symptoms of Low Blood Sugar

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Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is a common complication of diabetes. In fact, the majority of people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes will experience hypoglycemia at one time or another—even if their diabetes is well controlled. Hypoglycemia can quickly become a medical emergency if it is severe or goes untreated. That's why it is so important to be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of low blood sugar, understand how to treat it at home, and know when to seek additional medical attention.

What causes diabetes-related hypoglycemia?
  • Physical activity
  • Delaying or skipping a meal or snack
  • Not eating enough at a given meal or snack
  • Insulin
  • Some oral medications used to treat diabetes
What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia can develop very rapidly, and its symptoms can occur suddenly.
  • Nervousness
  • Shaking
  • Sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling weak
  • Irritability
  • Headache
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Hunger
Whenever you experience any of the symptoms above, it is recommended that you test your blood sugar. If it is not possible to check your blood sugar and you are experiencing these symptoms, always assume that your blood sugar is low and treat it accordingly.

How to Treat Hypoglycemia at Home
The primary treatment of low blood sugar is simply to eat one 15-gram serving of any carbohydrate food that is mainly sugar. Sugar-based carbohydrates digest and enter your bloodstream quickly, which can raise blood glucose levels back to normal. Carbohydrate foods that have significant amounts of sugar, but also large amounts of fat or protein—such as chocolate, cookies, ice cream, and more—are digested much more slowly and will not correct low blood sugar as efficiently. Here are some of the best foods for treating hypoglycemia.
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About The Author

Amy L. Poetker Amy L. Poetker
Amy Poetker is a licensed and registered dietitian and certified diabetes educator with a master's degree in dietetics. Amy, who has spent most of her career working in diabetes education, is dedicated to the treatment of that disease and the prevention of related complications. See all of Amy's articles.

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